What Is Mesothelioma Cancer? Signs & Symptoms

what is mesothelioma cancer

What Is Mesothelioma Cancer?

Signs, Symptoms, And Treatments

Many people have heard of mesothelioma cancer, most likely through advertisements of legal firms on television wishing to represent unfortunate victims this disease, but this condition is not always well-understood.

This asbestos-related cancer forms on body tissue in the lungs and abdomen creating many painful and potentially serious health problems.

Although there are treatment options available, this serious disease is challenging for patients and families

This article is designed to show all available treatment options, the signs to look for and exactly what can be done to manage this condition.

To learn more, please read on.


asbestos exposure

Mesothelioma Through Asbestos Exposure

Deadly Buildings

Each year there are approximately 3,000 cases of mesothelioma diagnosed in the United States. The majority of these cases can be traced to people’s exposure to asbestos.

The cancer is diagnosed when it can be detected on the lining of the lungs, abdomen, or heart.

Although asbestos use in buildings has dropped significantly, there are still many people developing this cancer. The reason is that it can take anywhere from 20-50 years after exposure for symptoms appear.

Many older buildings may be demolished and people in associated industries may find themselves in danger from asbestos exposure in these possibly dangerous establishments.

What Does This Mean?

Mesothelioma is predominantly contracted through exposure to asbestos.



Mesothelioma Signs & Symptoms
Mesothelioma Signs & Symptoms

What To Look For

Like many potentially fatal illnesses, catching mesothelioma early is the number one key to better outcomes.  Knowing what signs to look for can help to motivate someone into seeking professional help in a timely manner.

Symptoms of this cancer are varied but usually include:

Upper Respiratory Issues

This can include both chest pain and difficulty breathing. (1)

In the case of asbestos related mesothelioma, breathing in the contaminated particles was likely the initial issue, so it’s easy to see how this would create problems in the lungs.

Abdominal Irritations

When the cancer appears in the abdomen, an individual may also experience some abdominal pain and discomfort.

Heart Complications

In rarer cases, this insidious illness can affect the heart and cause cardiovascular issues.  Heart complications can manifest symptoms such as possible chest pain and tightness.

What’s The Bottom Line Here?

It’s most likely that the illness will manifest in the lungs, but it can also affect the abdomen.



Mesothelioma Diagnosis Procedures

How Do They Test For It?

The diagnosis of mesothelioma is not the same for every person but may begin a variety of tests which are performed to efficiently discover and diagnose the possibility of an illness.

Tests done to diagnose mesothelioma may include:


CT scans



X-rays, CT scans, and MRIs can help detect internal tumors and abnormalities, where biopsies can be taken to perform biological testing similar to the way skin cancer can be detected. (2)

Sometimes, it takes two or three months to positively identify this cancer. Early diagnosis (like many ailments) is the key to having the most treatment options available.

What Can We Take Away From This?

There are many ways to test for this disease, but it can take some time to establish development.



Types of Mesothelioma - human body

Types of Mesothelioma

What Are They?

There are actually four different types of this cancer which may affect patients in a variety of ways. Although most people who know mesothelioma associate it with the lungs, some individuals are surprised to find out it can significantly affect other areas.

The 4 specific types of mesothelioma are:





An oncologist or cancer doctor will be able to identify the type of cancer based on its location and cell type. (3)

The most common type of mesothelioma is found in the lungs and abdomen while the most common cell type is epithelial and is actually the most responsive to treatment.

What Can We Learn From This?

It’s a little known fact that this disease can affect the heart as well as male testes.



Finding ThePrognosis Is Mesothelioma Curable

Finding The Prognosis

Is Mesothelioma Curable?

Keep in mind that each person is different and a given prognosis will depend on a variety of factors.

When meeting with a doctor, they will generally say that a patient’s prognosis is good, favorable, bad, or poor. The physicians will base their prognosis on one’s ability to recover and also how the cancer is going to impact both their body and health.

Can It Be Cured?

Although mesothelioma is an incurable disease, there have been advances in treatment and care.

Increased treatment options, improvements in diet, and other therapies are all treatment options that improve prognosis.


Many factors can affect longevity after diagnoses including age, race, gender and the progression of the illness.

What Does This All Mean?

While not immediately curable, mesothelioma sufferers may liver longer dependent on biological factors



Mesothelioma Treatment Options

Mesothelioma Treatment Options

What Are They?

For those who have been diagnosed with this unfortunate illness, there are three primary treatment options available.

To anyone with mesothelioma cancer the possible treatments may include:


Surgery works by removing tumors that have built up in the sufferer’s body or draining fluid that can appear in the chest and abdomen.


Radiation helps to improve cancer symptoms by shrinking cancer growth and may improve both pain and breathing.


Chemotherapy also shrinks tumor growth and may help if the patient is experiencing chest pain.

The recommended treatment is going to be based on a given diagnosis, stage of cancer, and the type of mesothelioma.

If the cancer is in the early stages and has not spread, generally doctors will recommend a combination of these three treatments instead of just one.

In cases where the cancer has spread or the patient is not interested in pursuing aggressive treatment, doctors may then recommend either radiation or chemotherapy which will alleviate the symptoms of the disease.

What Does This All Mean?

The usual cancer treatments are very much the solution here, with early detection being key to success.



Are There Any Breakthroughs In Curing Mesothelioma

Are There Breakthroughs In Curing Mesothelioma?

New And Alternative Treatments

Keep in mind that while the three above-mentioned treatment options are primarily used, there are also clinical trials which patients may want to pursue.

Experimental Treatments

Experimental treatments have not been proven to be effective but are an option and can be pursued in cases where the risks become low in proportion to the prognosis.

They have the potential to make a huge difference if successful.

Many new medications are being trialed so hopefully in the not too distant future from the the time of writing this, we will see a medical breakthrough. (4)

Future Vaccine

Scientists are also working on a potential vaccine which may be able to reduce the risk of mesothelioma and possibly prevent it altogether. (5)


Additionally, there are alternative treatments such as massage therapy or yoga.

These treatments are not designed to treat the cancer, but can help by alleviating some of the symptoms involved with cancer treatments.

A healthy and nutritious diet may maximize immune system function by providing the body with everything it needs.

Blood Pressure

There is also a link between the danger of hypertension and cancer, so maintaining a healthy blood pressure is also an important factor in fighting any illness. (6)

Discussing the treatment options and plan of care with a doctor is a good way to determine what an individual would like to pursue for their care.

What Can We Learn From This?

While there are no immediate breakthroughs, there is a lot of scientific research taking place.



Mesothelioma Medications

Mesothelioma Medications

What Are They?

A mesothelioma treatment plan is going to be individualized but will usually contain several medications that work to prevent cancer from spreading as well as shrinking any existing tumors.
These medications may be used with other therapies and are designed to attack the cancer in different ways for the best outcomes.

Each medicine falls into a different category based on how it works against cancer.

The primary categories of medication are chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, photosensitizing, and anti-angiogenesis.
Some of these drugs are in the testing phase and may not be used in all cases.


Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments for any cancer. This medication works by seeking and destroying cells that are rapidly increasing which includes cancer cells.

Although the side effects of chemo can be difficult, it is still considered to be one of the best treatment options for mesothelioma.

Two chemotherapy medications cisplatin and pemetrexed are commonly used initially. If these medications are not found to be effective, a doctor may change the patient’s treatment regimen.

TTG (Target Therapy Drugs)

Targeted therapy drugs are drugs that target molecular alterations that can be identified in cancer cell development, growth, and expansion. Unlike chemotherapy, targeted therapy is more specific and will attack only cancer cells. These drugs are currently in trials to determine if they are effective for mesothelioma.


Immunotherapy agents are drugs that do not directly attack cancer cells. Instead, they are used to enhance your own immune system and help your body to attack cancer cells.

A normal immune system does not attack cancer cells because it does not recognize them as being foreign. However, with the addition of immunotherapy medications, your immune system may be able to recognize the difference between healthy and cancerous cells.

Photodynamic Therapy

Photodynamic therapy is actually a two-step process that uses one medication to make cells vulnerable to light and then uses light to destroy the cancer cells. This type of therapy is currently being tested in mesothelioma patients and has been found to improve survival times.

Anti-Angiogenisis Drugs

One final therapy is anti-angiogenesis drugs. Angiogenesis is a normal function that allows your body to heal itself by creating new blood vessels. However, in cancer patients, this function also builds vessels to tumors which supply them with the nutrients needed to grow and spread.

Stopping this process may be a way to stop mesothelioma as well as other types of cancer.

There are currently multiple studies looking at anti-angiogenesis drugs and if they are effective treatment options.

What’s The Bottom Line Here?

Several modest medications exist which may be cycled to test effectiveness in a patient.



drawing our conclusion

What Is Mesothelioma Cancer?


Although mesothelioma cancer is a frightening diagnosis, it is a condition that is being studied and treated more successfully now than ever before.

In the past, a prognosis was instantly bleak with a short potential longevity of under 180 days, but now those numbers are becoming longer all the time.

Prompt diagnosis and early treatment is the key to achieving the best outcomes so much like any ailment, it’s essential to the success of care that prompt detection occurs.

Having a primary care doctor and being aware of any changes to an individual’s body may help to identify any early signs.


We hope you found this article “What is mesothelioma cancer?” to be informative. Please be advised that the information contained in this article is collated and offered not for the purposes of curing, treating or diagnosing any medical conditions. Please seek a professional medical opinion if you have any issues.

What Are The Early Symptoms Of Colon Cancer?

What Are The Early Symptoms Of Colon Cancer

What Are The Early Symptoms Of Colon Cancer?

Discover The Warning Signs

Cancer is a terrible disease that affects different parts of the body due to the effects of uncontrolled cell activity, it’s one of the largest killers of human beings on the planet with 1 in 3 people having some form of cancer in their life.

Colon cancer affect a lot of people in the USA and the rest of the world with 140,000 people a year in the USA alone, being diagnosed with this illness and at least 50,000 people dying to it.(1)

This shows just how deadly and prevalent cancer of the colon is and why caution and vigilance must be taken.


what is a colon

What Is A Colon?

What Is It? Where Is It?

Also known as the large intestine or lower intestine, the colon is situated below the stomach and small intestine area.

This is the part of the digestive system that absorbs water and certain mineral salts. Whatever is not removed during the digestive process, then becomes fecal waste and is transported through muscular contractions, to the rectum.

The colon is fed by the small intestine and passes waste through to the rectal area.

Some people reading this may recognize the colon as being called a bowel (or large bowel) in Brtish English. These terms are interchangeable, so colon cancer is the same thing as bowel cancer.


what is colon cancer

So, What Is Colon Cancer?

Pathophysiology Of Colon Cancer

Colon cancer refers to cancer that affects the large intestine and as mentioned in the above segment, may be known as bowel cancer by many people in the Commonwealth countries.

So, what happens when one suffers from colon cancer?

Most colon cancers originate from adenomatous polyps. These are small benign tumors forming the inner walls of the large intestine.

Some of the polyps become malignant if they are not removed earlier by colonoscopy. The cancerous colon cells then invade nearby healthy tissues and damage them.

This causes various complications.

The malignant cells can travel further through lymph nodes and blood to other distant body parts and cause similar damage and complications.

This process is called metastasis and can result in a severely worsened condition that may be quite hard to treat.

What Does This All Mean?

Most cancer of the colon occurs when polyps go by undetected and become malignant.



treatments for colon cancer
Early Symptoms of Colon Cancer

Catching It Early

Like most cancers, catching colon cancer early can help in the prevention of long-term illness. Understanding the symptoms increases the likelihood of seeking medical advice that could save a life.

The first stage may have no noticeable symptoms unlike skin cancers such as melanoma, so the minute one of the early symptoms of colon cancer become apparent, it’s more important than ever to seek medical attention.

As the cancer grows, an individual may suffer any of the following symptoms:


Stool inconsistency

A person may find very different stool consistency when going to the bathroom, which may be very unusual and troubling.


Blood In stool

Upon a bathroom visit and individual may find their stool has some blood in it, which may be alarming. Blood in the stool should require immediate medical attention.


Fatigue And Weakness

This can manifest as tiredness and a general lack of energy. A direct drop in energy levels might be quite noticeable or may be too gradual in its decline to go by noticed.


Bowel Movement Pains

This can range from a mild discomfort to a sharp, painful bowel movement, which should always result in a visit to a doctor


Constipation & Diarrhoea

Both ends of the spectrum, this can be very embarrassing to talk about with a physician, but it needs to be done if such symptoms of colon cancer emerge.

Some people feel a deep shame talking about such things, but it’s important to view doctors as professionals trained to deal with such personal matter.

A little embarrassment could save a life.


Iron Deficiency

This may be determined by a blood iron test, though a person would have to show iron deficiency symptoms, and seek medical advice.

Iron deficiency symptoms may include:
A general lack of energy, lack of strength, racing heartbeat, difficulty breathing, having hands that are cold to the touch, pasty colored skin, weight loss, and tongue pain.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome

This painful bowel ailment leaves sufferers in pain and at odds with what to eat and sometimes in fear of the bathroom.

Other symptoms will present depending on the affected areas if at all metastasis occurs.

What’s The Take Away From This?

There are many symptoms to be on the look out for, but by the time they manifest, it can mean the cancer has spread.



causes of colon cancer
What Are The Causes of Colon Cancer?

The Many Causes Of A Deadly Disease

Normal cells undergo a programmed process of growth, division, and death. Cancer cells, however, grow uncontrollably and resist death, quite the opposite of normal cells and what would be an ideal situation.

The exact causes of these cell changes in the colon are not known but can be attributed to the following.


1. Genes

Mutations and or damage to DNA cause uncontrolled growth of cells in the colon.
If these cells are unable to correct the mutations and damages, they resist cell death and become cancerous. Colon cancer can also be as a result of inherited altered genes from parents.


2. Polyps

Some polyps can be precancerous. Some of the common types of polyps include:

Hyperplastic polyps
These are generally dangerous and which are rarely cancerous

These can cause cancer but often removed during a colonoscopy

Inflammatory polyps
Often occur after colitis and may be cancerous long term if not treated


3. Age

Most colon cancer patients are aged 50 and above. This isn’t to say anyone younger than fifty years old can’t get cancer of the colon because they most certainly can.

Ten percent of people who get colon cancer are under fifty years old.


4. Lifestyle

Colon cancer is most likely to affect people who have sedentary lifestyles,  smoke tobacco and are overweight or obese. It is also common to those consuming high fat and calories but low fiber diets.

The health benefits associated with aerobic exercise and general activity seem to afford a lower risk of colon cancer than those who lead far less active lifestyles.


5. Other Pre-existing Medical Conditions

Illnesses such as ulcerative colitis, diabetes acromegaly, diabetes, and Crohn’s disease are examples of diseases that are associated with a heightened risk of colon cancer.

What Does This Mean For The Average Person?

There are some definite preventative measures that can be taken such as quitting smoking, eating more fiber and getting some exercise.



colon cancer treatment options

What Are The Colon Cancer Treatment Options?

What Is Available?

The colon cancer treatment options that are available to an individual will depend on the type and stage of cancer and health and individual characteristics of the patient.

The typical colon cancer treatments are either aimed at the precise removal of the cancer or relieving its painful symptoms and may include:



This damages cancer cells by using chemicals that either destroy their DNA or interfere with the process of their cell division.

Chemotherapy, however, has side effects for example hair loss, anemia, susceptibility to infection, and fatigue.

Considering that anemia may be one of the signs of colon cancer, chemotherapy may require very careful iron supplementation.


Colonoscopy & Endoscopic Mucosal Resection

This is fairly non-invasive (compared to a colectomy)and involves a tubular device that allows a visual look into the affected colon and then EMR tools can be used to remove polyps from the intestinal area. (3)


Surgical Removal

The surgical procedure to eliminate colon cancer is called a colectomy which is the removal of a portion of a colon.

The job of a colectomy in this instance is to remove part of the colon that has the cancerous growth.

The extent of the surgery will determine if the nearby lymph nodes also need removal.



This destroys the cancer cells by damaging their molecules. The damage is caused by high-energy rays that focused on the cells.

Radiation therapy has several side effect though, that may include nausea, hair loss, stomach problems, and loss of appetite. (2)

What Does This Mean?

If you detect the early symptoms of colon cancer you may avoid the last two, more invasive treatments




what are the symptoms of colon cancer

What Are The Early Symptoms Of Colon Cancer?


Cancer is an awful disease which can have devastating consequences for both the sufferers and their families.

Catching the early warning signs is more crucial than ever with colon cancer because these symptoms manifest a little later, meaning there’s less time to wait.

Keeping an eye on the signs and being proactive could be the key to managing treatment, but the importance of a nutritious, high fiber diet can not be understated here, as well as partaking in regular exercise to maintain a health weight.


We hope you found the article “What are the early symptoms of colon cancer” informative. The information provided is not for the purpose of diagnosing, curing or treating any illness and is informational only. Please seek medical attention if you have concerns about your health.

The 11 Signs Of A Kidney Infection – What Are They?

signs of a kidney infection

The 11 Signs Of A Kidney Infection

What Are They?

Your kidneys play a vital role in many functions in your body, so any infectious issue could not only be problematic, the signs of a kidney infection could mean a potentially dangerous health hazard.

This article will look at the symptoms of a kidney infection, the causes and explain just how much of a danger having an infected kidney could be.

To discover more, please read on below.



what is a kidney infection
What Is A Kidney Infection?

Is It Really That Bad?

Kidney infection, also known as pyelonephritis or renal infection, is an unpleasant and painful, yet relatively common condition caused by bacteria spreading from the bladder into the kidneys.
It belongs to a family of infections which affect the urinary system called UTIs (urinary tract infections).

The infections affecting the prostate, urethra, and bladder are called lower urinary tract infections while the ones ascending further up that they involve the kidneys are known as upper urinary tract infections, for example, the pyelonephritis.

Left unattended, an infected kidney (though rarely) could lead to renal failure and subsequently, death.

What’s The Bottom Line Here?

Kidney infections are pretty common and could lead to death (though unlikely) if not treated.



types of kidney infections
What Are The Types of Kidney Infections

The Main Culprits

There are two main types of dangerous kidney infections and they can lead to serious health issues if left unchecked.

They include:

Acute Kidney Infection
(Acute Pyelonephritis)

This type of infection is dangerous and requires immediate professional health care. (1)

Please refer to the symptoms further down below

Chronic Kidney Infection
(Chronic Pyelonephritis)

This type of infection is persistent and can even permanently damage the kidneys if untreated.

This condition can occur when an underlying problem actually causes urine or it’s particles to flow in an opposite direction to the norm, that is, from the bladder back into the kidneys.


There is a kidney issue called glomerulonephritis. Some people mistakenly cite this as an infection, but it’s actual a result of a possible infection, high potassium,  or in many cases a mystery cause of inflammation. (2)  Glomerulonephritis can also affect blood pressure and cause related complications.



causes of kidney infections

What Are The Causes of Kidney Infections

The Origins Of The Issues

Pyelonephritis is caused by bacteria spreading into the kidneys from the bladder.

The bacteria first enter the body using the urinary opening or anus then passes through the urethra into the bladder where they can multiply and possibly become infectious.

Spreading The Problem

The bacteria then ascend further, infecting the kidneys and causing the urinary infections. According to the NIDDK (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases), Escherichia coli (E.coli) is the main bacteria causing the infection. (3)

When Good Bacteria Go Bad

The bacteria that are naturally present in the colon and are actually friendly. However, they can lead to infections if they become too large in number.

Other bacteria that can cause the infection include Mycoplasma and Chlamydia. The two are, however, only transmitted sexually, unlike Escherichia coli.

As a result, the two can also infect the reproductive organs.

Other Origins

The bacteria causing the urinary infections can also originate elsewhere in the body and be spread to the kidneys through blood.

What’s The Takeaway From This?

Bacteria is the problem here, in particular, the Escherichia coli, though there are rarer types.



risk factors for kidney infection
Risk Factors for Kidney Infections

What Are They?


1. Females Physiology

Females are more vulnerable and more frequently affected by the infection than men. This is because they have a shorter urethra, therefore, the infections reach the parts of the urinary tract system quicker.
Sexually active females are more likely to get the infections if the urethra is irritated.

Risk Reduction Technique

It is recommended that washing immediately after sexual activity can reduce the risk of a potential infection.

2. Pregnancy

A pregnant woman is at a higher risk of getting kidney infections since the baby pressurizes the woman’s ureter thereby slowing down the flow of urine.
This provides more time for the spread of the bacteria into the kidneys.

Risk Reduction Technique

Little can be done to reverse this problem until the baby and the concomitant pressure is relieved.

3. Urinary Catheters

Urinary catheters are inserted into the bladder passing through the urethra to help in draining urine out of the body.
People using catheters are easily prone to UTIs including pyelonephritis.

Risk Reduction Technique

Extreme cleanliness and levels of hygiene are important in maintaining catheters because of the risk of a bacterial infection.

4. Kidney Stones

Kidney stones, resulting from the accumulation of minerals on the inside kidney linings, can damage the kidneys making them more vulnerable to urinary infections.

Risk Reduction Technique

The risk of kidney stones can be reduced by drinking adequate water, consuming natural calcium, getting enough magnesium and keeping active.

5. Outlier Risk Factors

There are some rarer outlier determinants of a possible septicity of the kidneys.
Other causes may also include:

Narrowed urethra
Bowel incontinence
Weak immune system for example in type 2 diabetes
Insufficient intake of fluids
Urinary tract surgery

In some cases, there be more than one cause as a few factors may create multiple chances of infection.

What Does This All Mean

Hygiene can play a role in preventing kidney disease, but there are a lot of factors that can cause an issue.



The 11 Signs Of A Kidney Infection

How can you know that you are suffering from pyelonephritis?

There are a lot of potential symptoms to look out for if you are worried about the possibility of a kidney infection.

The 11 signs of a kidney infection to look out for include:

1. Abdominal Pain

This can be a radiating pain, throbbing similar to the warning signs of an appendicitis, but is frequently described as being unusual in nature.

2. Fever

A fever in medical terms is considered to be an orally taken temperature of 100 F (37.8 C) or above. A fever can be hard at times to distinguish from the symptoms of a common cold or flu, but must be considered when diagnosing the possibility of a kidney infection.

3. Diarrhea

This unfortunate symptom may not appear to be synonymous with a kidney infection and may be attributed to cases of bad food or gastroenteritis.

4. Chills Or Shivering Uncontrollably

This is easier to notice of course, if this occurs when an individual is not present in a cold room at all.

5. Nausea and Vomiting

Like Diarrhea, this is easy to dismiss as a stomach virus or a poor food choice.

6. Frequent Urination

This could be especially noticeable if the person is not drinking a particularly large amount of water but is still needing to urinate.

7. Groin Pain

This is a rarer symptom but is also an easier one to recognize as being a little more specific and unusual.

8. An Urge To Urinate

What separates this from symptom number 6 is rather than being about excessive urination, this is related to the need to urinate. So the uncomfortable feeling in the bladder may be accompanied by no actual urine at all, but the urge remains.

9. Pain Or Burning Sensation While Urinating

This is definitely the sort of issue that would be for concern no matter what the issue.

10. Hematuria (Blood and/or Pus In The Urine)

If this happens, seek medical attention immediately, without delay. (4)

11. Cloudy Foul Smelling Urine

Of course, some foods can make this happen but is you’re aware of what you’ve eaten and know this is an aberrant occurrence, then it’s easier to recognize as out of place.

What Can We Learn From This?

Some of these signs are much easier to cause concern than others. Vigilance is necessary.




Diagnosis of Kidney Infections

How Is It Done?

A diagnosis confirms whether or not you are suffering from pyelonephritis.

In the diagnosis, the doctor assesses your symptoms and medical history. The doctor also looks at the general health of your body (measuring your temperature and blood pressure) before asking you to carry out the following:

1. Urine Analysis

Checks for the presence of pus, blood, and bacteria in the urine

2. Urine Culture

Determines the type of bacteria present

3. CT Or Ultrasound

Checks for the presence of any blockage in the urinary tract

4. VCUG (Voiding Cystourethrogram)

X-ray to check for the presence of bladder or urethra problems

5. Digital Rectal Exam

For men to check if the prostate is swollen

6. DMSA (Dimercaptosuccinic Acid Scintigraphy)

An imaging type which uses radioactive materials to check for the presence of kidney infections or damages better

What Does This Mean?

Fortunately, there are several ways with which to make an accurate diagnosis.


Treatment of Kidney Infections

Treatment of Kidney Infections

How Can They Help?

Early treatment of the kidney infections is necessary in order to prevent further complications. A patient can either be hospitalized or home treated depending on their general state of health and the severity of the kidney infection signs and symptoms.

Home treatment options include:


Taking prescribed antibiotic medications for example Co-amoxiclav.


Drinking plenty fluids to prevent dehydration and fever but also to flush out bacteria

Pain Relief

Taking painkillers, for example, ibuprofen, aspirin, and acetaminophen to relieve pain

Treatment options used in the hospital include:

Fluids and antibiotics given through drip and regular urine and blood tests to monitor your progression.

You only require hospitalization if you have:

Severe dehydration
Problems swallowing
Retaining  fluids
Additional blood poisoning symptoms
Poor general health
Kidney stones
Using urinary catheters
Polycystic kidney disease

If you’re lucky enough to avoid general admission, the treatments from home may not only be more comfortable but are also in a familiar environment.

What’s The Take Home Message Here?

Being in better health may improve the chances of home treatment and avoiding the hospital.



prevention of kidney infections

Prevention of Kidney Infections

Prevention Is Better Than Cure

It may be impossible to completely prevent these infections but you are less likely to suffer from them if you:

Avoid Douches Or Deodorant Sprays On Your Genitals

These can cause an unwanted infection stemming from particles creating a blockage.

Use Lubricated Condoms

Lubricated condoms have lube that helps to reduce friction thereby preventing irritation of the urethra. However, do not use diaphragms or condoms which have spermicides since they can trigger the growth of bacteria

Stay Hydrated

Drink a lot of water and be sure to consume the daily minimum.

Maintain Bathroom Hygiene

Wipe front to back after visiting the bathroom

Keep Private Areas Clean

Thorough cleanliness of the body’s private parts reduces the chance of infection.

What Does This All Mean?

Maximum hygiene = Reduced risk of infection.



heart rate - complications

Complications Of Kidney Infections

What Are They?

Complications can arise which can cause serious problems.
These may include:

1. Emphysematous Pyelonephritis(EPN)

This is a rare but potentially fatal complication. (6)

In this condition, kidney tissues are rapidly destroyed and the bacteria release a toxic gas which collects inside the kidney causing nausea, vomiting, pain and confusion.

2. Sepsis/Blood Poisoning

Also rare and life-threatening. The bacteria enter the bloodstream and infect other body parts including major organs.
Its symptoms include hypotension, confusion, and disorientation.

3. Kidney Abscesses

This is the accumulation of pus in small abscesses (pockets) inside the kidney tissues. Symptoms include abdominal pain and weight loss.

The condition sometimes requires surgery to drain the pus out. The key to preventing these complications is early diagnosis and treatment.

What’s The Bottom Line?

Make sure to see a doctor at the first sign of any of the above-mentioned symptoms




The 11 Signs Of A Kidney Infection


Any issues with the body’s kidneys can be concerning and infection is no different.

Knowing that an infection could lead to a number of health issues, complications, and possibly a fatality, it’s worth investing the time to learn the signs in order to prevent a very real problem.

Good hygiene counts for a lot and as discussed in the prevention of kidney stones, adequate hydration is important for good general health as well.


We hope you found the information in this article “The 11 Signs Of A Kidney Infection” to be interesting, informative and thorough. If you have any comments, please leave them below.
Please remember that the information on the page and the website Healthy Preview is not offered for the purposes of diagnosing, treating or curing any illnesses and is informational only.

If your suspect a health issue, please contact the appropriate medical professional.

Torn Rotator Cuff Symptoms

Painfull Torn Rotator Cuff Symptoms

The Signs Of A Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator cuff tears are pretty common shoulder injuries and many sportspeople and athletes suffer from rotator cuff injuries at some stage.

Many bodybuilding enthusiasts find themselves pushing themselves too hard and ending up with a rotator cuff injury if they’re unlucky.

This isn’t to say that you need to be exercising to develop some torn rotator cuff symptoms because it can happen at work, at play or even something as simple a moving a piece of furniture.

This article can show you all the signs of a torn rotator cuff to look for and can let you know exactly how it’s diagnosed, how it’s treated and what sort of therapy is available for those individuals who have a possible rotator cuff injury.

To find out more read on.


signs of a torn rotator cuff

What Is A Rotator Cuff?

What Does It Do?

Your rotator cuff is a group of tendons (and muscles) that work together to stabilize the shoulder joint.

These tendons play an important role in your body and are connected to four muscles that allow your shoulder to move in various directions. (1)

The ball and socket nature of the rotator cuff allow for the range of motion that no other body part has.

When these tendons are damaged, you may experience a wide range of symptoms.



How Do You Get A Rotator Cuff Injury

How Do You Get A Rotator Cuff Injury?

How Does It Happen?

While the causes of a torn rotator cuff range from repetitive strain to active injury, early detection is important for prompt treatment.

Some of the ways an injury can occur include:

Gradual Damage

A tear can be the result of a slow process where gradual damage occurs such as performing exercises incorrectly or just using the shoulders to rotate at an awkward angle.

Sleeping Positions

Sleeping in unusual positions could lead to a slow tear as the shoulder joint could get placed in compromising positions.

Weak Muscles

A lot can be attributed to actions, but some of the reason an injury could occur may be atrophied muscle from lack of use that doesn’t support the shoulder optimally.

Contact Activites

Rotator cuff injuries occur in a contact sport where unnatural angles may place limbs in danger of muscle strains or sprains.

Resistance Training

Performing heavy weight lifting exercises can mean that bodybuilding is a particularly risky endeavor. The tension on the rotator cuff could be too much especially if the exercise is done with poor form.


Sport is a frequent contributor to rotator cuff injuries. The angles used by a baseball pitcher are such that many pitchers suffer wrist, elbow and shoulder injuries.

Boxing, skipping using HIIT training, football, javelin throw, and gymnastics can all potentially injure the shoulder area.

Tennis players are also quite prone to rotator cuff damage.

What Does This All Mean?

There are many daily activities that can cause a tear in the rotator cuff. Many of the injuries can be avoided.



Rotator Cuff Injury Signs

7 Signs Of A Torn Rotator Cuff

What To Look For

If you’ve ever wondered about the symptoms of a torn rotator cuff, these are the primary ones to look for:

Gradual Pain

The reason why you may not notice that you have an injury is that a rotator cuff tear may not cause immediate pain but instead appear as gradual pain.

Many people don’t even notice that they have an injury until a day after the tendons are damaged. During the first days after an injury, you may notice a mild pain that will progress to a point where moving your shoulder joint causes extreme pain.

Progressively worsening pain to your shoulder is a primary sign although it often goes unnoticed.

Sharp, Short Widespread Pain

One of the surprising aspects of a torn rotator cuff is that you may have pain in areas other than your shoulder.

The primary points of pain for this injury are in the front and the side of the shoulder. You may notice that it increases when you move your shoulder away from your body.

Any physical activities like golf, tennis, or swimming may increase this pain.

People with torn rotator cuffs also notice that their pain spreads down from their shoulder to the upper arm and even the elbow region.

If you suspect a torn rotator cuff, don’t be surprised if your pain isn’t localized to your shoulder.

Decreased Mobility

Anyone with a torn rotator cuff generally has more difficulty lifting the arm away from the body.

This decreased range of motion is common although it may not happen in every case.

If your rotator cuff tear is severe, it may actually be impossible to hold your arm up because of pain and the decreased function of the muscles and tendons.

If you’ve noticed that you’re not able to lift your arm out in front of you or to the side as high as your shoulder, you’re experiencing a symptom.

Simple tasks like brushing your hair or reaching behind your back become much harder than expected and possibly painful.

Clicking Noises

If you are able to raise your arm, you may not experience the previous symptom but another common one is a clicking sound that comes from the shoulder region.

Hearing a noise from your shoulder when you raise your arm is a sign that the rotator cuff has been torn or damaged.

It’s also possible to experience a crackling sensation when you move your shoulder into a certain position. Any unusual noises from your shoulder that don’t go away or worsen over time may be symptoms.

Evening Pain

Although some pain may exist at all times, rotator cuff injuries can actually be more painful in the evening.

In fact, most people notice that they feel the most pain when they’re resting on the damaged shoulder.

If the issue progresses, the pain may be so severe that you’re not able to sleep at night without a strong painkiller.

Once again, this pain is progressive and may take some time to be noticed.

Tenderness and Stiffness

Over time, you’ll also notice that your shoulder becomes more stiff if you have a rotator cuff tear.

The inflammation from the tear and a lack of movement can result in a “frozen” shoulder.

These symptoms will get worse over months or years if not treated.

In these cases, you’ll generally experience pain in the shoulder for a few months which is then followed by a stiffness that increases over time.

You may also feel a tenderness in the area due to the inflamed tendons.

Weak Shoulders and Bruising

This symptom isn’t as common as the others but may still happen. It frequently occurs in anyone who has a severe onset of a rotator cuff tear.

When this happens, the shoulder actually starts to develop a bruise and becomes swollen.

Anyone with a rotator cuff tear experiences severe weakness in the shoulder muscle that will get worse over time.

They find that they’re not able to use their joints and shoulder muscles within their normal range of motion.

This symptom generally occurs in anyone who has had a tear due to a sudden injury rather than a gradual stress injury.



Although the symptoms mentioned above are common, keep in mind that not all rotator cuff tears are going to give you these symptoms.

These cases are most common in people who have developed a tear gradually as a result of frequent stress to the shoulder area.

In some cases, the injury will not show any symptoms until you’ve had medical imaging or other tests done that confirm the injury.

What’s The Take Away From This?

There are many signs of a torn rotator cuff, but most of them seem pretty obvious that there is a problem.



Rotator Cuff Injury Diagnosis

Rotator Cuff Injury Diagnosis

Get It Looked At Quickly

You may not notice that you’re having any problems with your shoulder but the injury is still present.

If you do suspect you have a rotator cuff injury, a doctor can confirm your diagnosis with a few tests.

The doctor will first perform a basic physical exam by pressing on different parts of the shoulder and then moving your arm into different positions.

Testing the shoulder for strength and pain is one of the basic ways to rule out a rotator cuff injury.

If still suspected, the doctor may order either an ultrasound or an MRI. The ultrasound is a quick way to compare your healthy and affected shoulder to determine if there is damage.

The MRI shows your shoulder muscles and tendons in greater detail and may be needed for a diagnosis.


Rotator Cuff Therapy
Rotator Cuff Therapy

The Road To Recovery

After a diagnosis, the shoulder will need to be incapacitated for a period of time. If the damage is too much it may require an operation.

Treatment for a rotator cuff tear may include:


These may help to reduce swelling and to possibly eliminate some pain. Anti-inflammatories can also help increase mobility in the joint and area of damage.

Torn Rotator Cuff Surgery

Torn rotator cuff surgery may be necessary if the damage is too great. Possible surgeries could be open shoulder surgery or an arthroscopic surgical procedure. (2)


A patient may be recommended a course of physiotherapy where they rehabilitate the area with safe exercises that support a return of strength and agility.

What Does This Mean For A Rotator Cuff Convalescent?

The best case scenario is that surgery is not required and some therapy could help.



Rotator Cuff Injury Exercises
What About Rehabilitation Of The Shoulder?

Rotator Cuff Injury Exercises

Once someone has determined that they indeed have a rotator cuff injury, the next step will be the road to rehabilitation. If surgery was not required, then an individual may be able to go straight to therapy, otherwise there maybe a longer period of inactivity.

The range of motion of the shoulder joint will be limited, so many shoulder exercises will be completely off the table.

Some shoulder exercises for rehabilitation may include:

Shoulder Stretches

Light Lying Flys

Exercises Band Rotations

High To Low One Arm Rows

Crossed Arm Stretches

These will be performed with light weights, bands or no resistance at all and with high reps. Any attempt to lift heavy like a bodybuilder will likely result in re-injury and further pain.

What’s The Bottom Line Here?

No heavy lifting will be on the cards for quite some time.


shoulder massage
The 7 Torn Rotator Cuff Symptoms You Should Know


All of these symptoms are ways to determine if you could have a torn rotator cuff but keep in mind that it’s still important for a doctor to confirm your diagnosis.

If you’re experiencing these symptoms, make an appointment quickly to determine the best treatment for your condition.
While not life-threatening, torn rotator cuffs are a serious condition.


We hope you enjoyed “The 7 Torn Rotator Cuff Symptoms You Should Know”.  The information on this page is not intended to diagnose, treat or cure any illness or ailment – If you have any concerns, please seek professional medical attention.

What Is A Sinus Infection? A Complete Guide

What Is A Sinus Infection?

A Complete Guide

For long time sufferers of sinus issues, a sinus infection can mean a period of intense discomfort.

From those awful sinus headaches through to simple sinus pain from swimming underwater, having a sinus problem isn’t at all nice, but when that turns into a sinus infection, it can make life even more difficult.

We’re going to explain exactly what a sinus infection is and how to deal with the painful and uncomfortable symptoms.

Let’s take a look at sinusitis:

A Case Of SinusitisWhat Is An Infection Of The Sinuses?

A Case Of Sinusitis

A sinus infection also is known by the name sinusitis or even possibly rhinosinusitis, but it’s most commonly still just called a sinus infection.

Sinusitis occurs when the sinus passages in the nasal region, become inflamed resulting in painful and unpleasant symptoms that may require treatment.

If a person suffers from a sinus infection for a prolonged period of time it may become either an acute sinusitis or a chronic sinusitis.

What Is An Acute Sinusitis?

When a sinus infection lasts between four to thirty days, it’s considered an acute sinusitis (acute rhinosinusitis).

What Is A Chronic Sinusitis?

If a sinus infection lasts more the twelve weeks it may be called a chronic sinusitis issue (chronic rhinosinusitis). This is quite rare, but it does still occur.

If a sinus issue lasts for between the 30 day mark and the 12 week mark it will be call sub-acute sinusitis.

So, Precisely What Is A Sinus Infection?

It’s an inflammation of the sinus cavities caused by an infection.



what causes a sinus infection
What Causes A Sinus Infection?

Who Is Most At Risk Of Sinusitis?

There are several risk factors that increase the possibility of a sinus infection.

The factors that can affect those most at risk of sinusitis may include:

Nasal Polyps

These nasal polyps are little lumps inside the nose and sinus passages and can cause reduced breathing capacity, irritation and can increase the risk of a sinus infection.

A Cold Or Virus

Once the flu or common cold take hold, the infection can inflame and infect the sinus areas in a host’s facial region, exacerbating the symptoms of the cold and further to that, potentially giving the sufferer a case of sinusitis.

A Broken Nose

Having a broken nose can mean a reduced capability of breathing, a weakened immune system and a concomitant exposure to swelling and pressure on the nasal area.
A break may also pierce soft tissue around the nose, increase the chance of an infection.


A recent five year follow-up study concluded that people who suffer from asthma also have an increased risk of developing sinus complications that can result in a sinus infection (1)


One of the major issues with smoking is how the inhaled smoke can damage fine hairs name cilia, that are found in the sinus membranes. These cilia help to filter out some of the unwanted matter that we breathe in.
By damaging these via smoking, it can lead to an accumulation of infectious particles in the sinus passage which may cause irritation, infection and the accompanying sinusitis.

Genetic Defects

Some people may find themselves with a congenital defect affecting the structure of their nose and sinus passages.
This can mean that their sinus passages are not formed in the correct manner, leaving them susceptible to a possible infection

Living In Polluted Areas

Poor air quality means that someone living in a polluted area might be breathing in air that can affect their airways, including the sinus passages.
Polluted areas have been shown to have a strong correlation between breathing issues and said pollution. (2)

Colder Climates

It’s no secret to anyone living in a cold climate area, that cooler temperatures can lead to a runny nose.
Unfortunately, a dripping nasal passage can create a moistened and irritated environment that increases the risk of a sinus infection in that area.

Nasal Sprays

Some people with sinus problems can become reliant on decongestants such as nasal sprays. These nasal decongestants when overused can worsen a sinus issue making the use of them very discretionary and requiring vigilance. (3)

Deviated Septum

A deviated nasal septum can be a congenital defect, but it can occur from injury, piercing, and possible overuse of illicit substances.
The septum separates the two sides of the nose, but when pierced can lead to fluid leakage, postnasal drip, and potential infections that increase the chance of sinusitis.


Allergic reactions can lead to many symptoms similar to the signs of a sinus infection like a running nasal drip and a stuffy nose. These can sometimes bring about a rhinosinusitis or make an existing issue worse.

What Does This All Mean?

There are several causes of sinusitis, but some like smoking and climate may be avoidable for some people.



signs of a sinus infection
Signs Of A Sinus Infection

What Are The Symptoms Of Sinusitis?

Having a case of sinusitis may manifest in several different ways, but many of the signs of a sinus infection are easy enough to notice.
Some symptoms of sinusitis may include:

A Sensitive Face

When someone develops a sinus infection, they can find themselves with sensitivity in the facial region which can be uncomfortable to touch.

Nasal & Sinus Pain

Pain in the sinus passages can feel blunt and compressing. It’s an unusual sensation that can be quite easy to notice because of its uniqueness.

A Fever

An infection can be met with a fever increasing the person’s temperature possibly needing medical attention. (4)

Swelling In The Facial Region

A puffiness can arise from an irritation of facial muscles brought about by the inflammation of the sinus cavities.

Runny Nose

One of the easiest sign of a sinus infection to notice, but harder to distinguish from a common cold, a runny nose can be both a cause of a sinus problem and the symptom of one.


This can be a spread of an infection to the upper respiratory area, or it can also be nasal mucus irritating the same area leading to coughing.  Like many cold symptoms, a cough can have an impact of lifestyle by leaving a person irritable, unable to get to sleep and tired.

A Sore Throat

Another one of the symptoms of a common cold, a sore throat is also the sign of a sinusitis.  Like a cough, it can be caused by a spreading infection or the irritation of a nasal drip.

A Sinus Headache

A sinus headache is something people with long term sinus problems know all too well. We’ve put together a segment below.

What’s The Take Away From This?

It’s hard to tell the difference between a cold and sinusitis, but a medical professional may be able to assist.



what is a sinus headache
What Is A Sinus Headache?

One on the most common sinus problems that sufferers have to cope with is the frustration of a sinus headache.

While it can be hard for some people to differentiate the signs of a sinus headache from a migraine, for many people, the congested feeling makes it easy to know it’s a sinus related headache.

Signs of a sinus headache can include:

Throbbing pain in the cranial region

Stuffy congestion in the sinus cavities

Pressure around the sinus areas

Swelling of the face


As evidenced by the symptoms, a sinus headache is not only painful but also stuffy and frustrating.

Compound this with potential breathing issues accompanying a sinus infection and it can be very unpleasant.


Sinus Infection Treatments

Sinus Infection Treatments

Treating  Sinusitis

There are many available treaments for sinus infections, some natural, some precribed.

Let’s take a look at some of the remedies for sinusitis:

Saline Sprays

These are a simple saltwater solution that can be sprayed to irrigate the nasal passages.

Steam Treatment

Hot steam with menthol or eucalyptus oil can help to relieve the airways and unblock potentially stuffy nasal passages.

Hot Spices

Like steam treatments, hot chili and spices can help to get a blocked, stuffy nose running.


A body lacking in fluids can result in dry nasal passages, which may be easily irritated and uncomfortable.

Stay hydrated by drinking adequate water every day.


This involves dehumidifying your home to remove potential allergins from the air, making breathing easier and reducing the risk of a sinus infection.


These help to decongest the nasal passageway but overuse of nasal decongestants can actually lead to further sinus issues, so they must be used with the appropriate caution according to the instructions.


Prescription antibiotics may help to fight an infection, but it is likely that these may only be prescribed for acute to chronic sinusitis sufferers.


People with who suffer allergies such as a lactose allergy or being allergic to the dog may find antihistamines not only help to curb to symptoms of their allergy problem but also to relieve the signs of a sinus infection.


For those sinus sufferers with ethmoid sinus issues between their eyes, a surgical procedure known as an ethmoidectomy may help to relieve the problem.
An ethmoidectomy can help with the removal of both infected tissue and bone, which can offer future relief for someone with long term sinus pain.

Maxillary Antrostomy

This is a medical precedure involving the removal of sinus blockage in the maxillary sinus cavaties. Like an ehtmoidectomy, this can assist someone to reduce or remove the problems associated with sinusitus.

What Does This Mean For A  Sinusitis Sufferer?

There are many natural sinus treatments, but some people may require medication or surgery.



What Is A Sinus Infection?


The nature of a sinusitus has been shown to been invasive and troubling for long term sufferers of sinus issues, but there are some treatments available that can ease the pain.

From general discomfor to lack of sleep, sinus issues can have an impacting effect of an individual’s lifestyle.

The article looked at some of the causes of sinus infections, showing that many of them are, unfortunately, quite unavoidable such as living in polluted areas or suffering from congential defects that leave someone susceptible to sinusitus.

While some of the treatments can be quite uninvasive, for extreme cases such as some people with chronic rhinosinusitus, surgery may be absolutely necessary such as an ethmoidectomy or a maxillary antrostomy.

The one take away from this is that there are an array of options available to most people who have sinus problems.


We hope you enjoyed the article “what is a sinus infection”. The information contain is not offered for the purposes of treating, diagnosing or curing any illnesses, and is informational only. If you have need of medical advice, please consult a doctor.