What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes?
What To Look For
Diabetes affects a lot of people worldwide and while it can be avoided by many people simply by staying healthy and maintaining a wholesome lifestyle, it can also be an inherently genetic fault that can’t be avoided.
In this article “what are the symptoms of diabetes”, we will look to discover the early warning signs of diabetes so you can know exactly what to look out for.
Diabetes can range from a dangerous debilitating illness through to an easily managed ailment depending on the degree of severity.
First up let’s look at what diabetes is.
What Is Diabetes?
Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is a disease surrounding the body’s inability to manage blood glucose because of a lack of insulin or resistance to insulin.
When a person has diabetes, they can no longer process the glucose in their blood because the hormone insulin that helps the body metabolize blood glucose no longer is effective or possibly not secreting enough at all.
Once a person has diabetes they then potentially require management of their condition with medication and dietary constraints. It’s pretty normal to see a diabetic having to avoid high glycemic, sugary carbohydrates.
Diabetes is the most prevalent cause of blindness and kidney failure in adults of working age.
According to a recent CDC report, nearly 30 million people in the USA (close to 10%) have diabetes. (1)
8 out of ten diabetics are type 2, which is preventable.
What Does This Mean?
Nearly 10 in 100 people in America have some form of diabetes and 8 of those ten could have prevented it.
What Are The Types Of Diabetes?
What Are They?
There are three types of diabetes:
1. Type 1 Diabetes (T1)
Nobody completely knows why people get type 1 diabetes, but it’s thought to be from genetic inheritance and some external factors.
In type 1 diabetes the cells that release insulin are destroyed affecting insulin production and the effective metabolization of blood sugar.
This type of diabetes is more common in youth.
Type 1 diabetics may commonly have low blood sugar as well.
This form of diabetes can not in any way be prevented and is conditionally permanent
2. Type 2 Diabetes (T2)
This is the most common form occurring in 85% of all individuals with diabetes.
The type 2 variation of diabetes develops when an individual’s resistance to insulin becomes so strong that the effects of insulin on blood sugar become increasingly impaired.
This is frequently associated with poor weight management and a low level of activity. Because of this, type 2 diabetes is considered to be entirely preventable.
3. Gestational Diabetes
This occurs when a pregnant female develops what is usually a temporary form of diabetes which sometimes disappears after birth.
All 3 types of diabetes come with the possibility of serious danger if not met with the appropriate medical treatment and control.
What’s The Take Away From This?
There are three types of diabetes, with T1 being permanent, T2 being avoidable and Gestational being mostly temporary.
What Is Normal Blood Sugar?
Blood sugar can fluctuate depending on how long it’s been since a person has eaten or drank carbohydrate sources.
Normal blood sugar in a healthy individual shouldn’t vary too much even though it does a little after a meal.
What Is Normal Blood Sugar In A Fasted State?
A normal range for healthy blood sugar in a fasted state should be:
70–130 mg/dL (American Measurement)
3.9-7.2 mmol/L (British Measurement)
What Is Normal Blood Sugar After A Meal?
Normal blood sugar within 2 hours of a meal should be under:
1800 mg/dL (American Measurement) (2)
10 mmol/L (British Measurement)
Blood sugar levels that measure above these levels may call for concern.
What Are The Causes Of High Blood Sugar?
How Does It Happen?
This is quite different in diabetics as opposed to non-diabetics, though the source is the same.
When someone ingests simple carbohydrate, they enter the blood stream and the pancreas secretes insulin to allow blood sugar to metabolized.
A higher consumption of sugary foods leads to a higher spike in blood sugar levels in both diabetics and non-diabetics, the difference is that a non-diabetic will produce enough insulin to counter most of the negative effects of high blood sugar, but a diabetic’s insulin production is severely diminished.
Complex carbohydrates are broken down into glucose and released slower into the blood stream over time and have a less immediate effect, but a high load of carbohydrate, even complex ones can force too much glucose into the blood stream can be equally as dangerous. So, complex carbohydrates are also one of the causes of high blood sugar, not just refined sugars.
Reducing sugary foods and high glycemic carbohydrates is important in the reduction of high blood sugar.
What Does This Mean For Diabetics?
Simple carbohydrates are dangerous causes of high blood sugar and while complex carbs are better, too many are also risky to blood sugar.
How Is Blood Sugar Tested?
What Methods Are Employed?
Chances are if you’re not already a diabetic, you won’t have access to blood sugar testing at home, but it can be done at the doctor’s clinic.
The most simplistic test is performed using a lancet (a pin of sorts) to prick the skin enough to take a droplet of blood. This is then measured against a small strip of reactive paper (glucose strip) that then determines the blood sugar range when inserted through a small meter.
There are also more technologically advanced meters that can automate the process by both pricking the skin and reading blood glucose immediately. Such all in one devices are relatively new to the market.
New meters containing electrochemical biosensors may be able to read blood sugar levels without the need for drawing blood.
What Are The Signs Of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is also known as adult-onset diabetes or non insulin-dependent diabetes and can occur as a person becomes resistant to the insulin released in the pancreas.
Insulin helps the body metabolize sugar in the bloodstream but as someone develops type 2 diabetes their efficiency in utilzing insulin is severely hampered.
Generally associated with weight gain and immobility, the signs of type 2 diabetes manifest as a person’s resistance to insulin builds to a point where they no longer can process carbohydrates, in particularly high glycemic sugar properly in their blood stream.
The early signs of type 2 diabetes can usually be seen in someone who eats excessively and does not perform adequate exercise or physical activity.
In the next segment “what are the symptoms of diabetes” you’ll discover all the signs of diabetes, but it’s worth noting that many people with type 2 diabetes have no idea they may have the ailment at all.
So, What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes To Look For?
There are a variety of symptoms of diabetes, some can be seen in both type 1 and type 2 diabetics, while some of the signs of diabetes are mutually exclusive.
What Symptoms Are Found In Both Type 1 & 2 Diabetes?
People with both type 1 & 2 diabetes may experience:
Lack Of Energy
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes Exclusive To Type 1?
People with type 1 diabetes may experience:
Weight Loss That May Occur Suddenly
Excessive Thirst (above that of a moderate increase)
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes Exclusive To Type 2?
People with 2 diabetes may experience:
Changes In Temperament
Specific Cramping In The Legs
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes Exclusive To Gestational Diabetics?
People with gestational diabetes may experience:
The Need To Vomit (Above And Beyond That Of A Normal Pregnancy)
Any symptoms from these categories are worth watching out for and if you think you may potentially have an issue, you should hesitate to find the appropriate medical advice from a physician.
Having a family history of diabetes increases your risk factor a lot, so it’s worth taking this into consideration.
What’s The Bottom Line?
Thirst, nausea, blurry vision and general malaise seem to accompany all types of diabetes.
What Is The Treatment For Diabetes?
Diabetic Treatment Options
The treatment for diabetes will depend on which type of diabetes an individual has developed and how far along the disease has progressed. There are a surprising amount of ways in which a diabetic can manage their illness which we will show below.
The Treatment For Diabetes In Type 1 Diabetics
Type 1 diabetes management may include the following treatments:
Carbohydrate Monitoring (Especially Sugar)
Insulin Pumps (In Extreme Cases)
Medical Augmentations Such As Asprin
The Treatment For Diabetes In Type 2 Diabetics
Type 2 diabetes management may include the following treatments:
Healthy Eating Such As Low Glycemic Foods
Insulin Sensitivity Medication Such As Metformin (3)
Insulin Therapy (In Some Instances)
Exercise & An Overall Cardio Fitness Improvement
Insulin Stimulation Medication Such As Sulfonylureas
Weight Loss Surgery (In Obese Candidates)
The Treatment For Diabetes In Gestational Diabetics
Gestational diabetes management may include the following treatments:
A Healthy Carbohydrate Balanced Diet
Monitoring Of Both The Mother And Baby’s Health
As you can see the different types of diabetes come with several treatments, some which are shared and some dependent on the specific diabetic condition.
What’s Does This Mean For Somone With Diabetes?
Diabetes can be managed with either medication or a proper nutrition and health program depending on the type and severity.
What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes? – What To Look For
With ten percent of the USA having diabetes, it’s a serious problem and knowing that type 2 is not only the most frequently occurring type of diabetes but also entirely preventable, it seems like there’s never been a more important time for many people to eat wholesome foods and formulate an exercise program for optimal health.
There are three types of diabetes ranging from the unavoidable type 1, the preventable type 2 through to the mostly temporary gestational variety.
We’ve looked at the symptoms of diabetes and discovered some are specific to the type of diabetes, while some are shared such as thirst, nausea, lack of energy, and blurry vision.
One of the easiest to spot signs of type 2 diabetes is overeating and the accompanying weight gain, which put someone at a much higher risk.
The treatment for diabetes may be contingent on the type, but some forms of diabetic management are far less invasive than others when you look at insulin injections versus moderating your diet.
We hope you found the article “What Are The Symptoms Of Diabetes – What To Look For” informative and interesting. If you suspect you have any of the signs of diabetes, please consult a medical professional.